Mortgage rates have yo-yoed dramatically the past two weeks, with the latest movement being a big push higher again. The 30-year average is now back to the 7% range and less than a tenth of a point under the 20-year high it hit in late September.
Today’s National Mortgage Rate Averages
Rates on 30-year loans bolted higher Friday, adding 36 basis points to register at 7.33%. It’s an extension of the rollercoaster ride that spiked the flagship average to 7.42% on September 27, then dropped it back down to 6.81% early last week, and now has returned it firmly above 7%.
The 15-year average also gained Friday, but by a less dramatic 16 basis points. It was enough, however, to propel the 15-year average to a new 14-year high of 6.78%. The September spike had reached 6.66%.
Friday’s Jumbo 30-year average meanwhile added another eighth of a point, taking the average back above 6%. Though not quite as historically elevated as standard 30-year and 15-year rates, the Jumbo 30-year average is now back to 6.02%, its most expensive point since 2010.
Refinancing rates moved fairly similarly Friday, with the 30-year refi average climbing 25 basis points, 15-year rates by 24 points, and the Jumbo 30-year refi average, 12 points. The cost to refinance with a fixed-rate loan is currently zero to 34 points higher than new purchase loans.
After a major rate dip last summer, mortgage rates skyrocketed in the first half of 2022, with the 30-year average hitting a mid-June peak almost 3.5 percentage points above its August 2021 floor of 2.89%. But September’s surge dramatically outdid the summer high, with the 30-year average spiking 1.27 percentage points over just 16 days to reach 1.04 percentage points above June’s peak.
The rates you see here generally won’t compare directly with teaser rates you see advertised online, since those rates are cherry-picked as the most attractive. They may involve paying points in advance, or they may be selected based on a hypothetical borrower with an ultra-high credit score or taking a smaller-than-typical loan given the value of the home.
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Lowest Mortgage Rates by State
The lowest mortgage rates available vary depending on the state where originations occur. Mortgage rates can be influenced by state-level variations in credit score, average mortgage loan term, and size, in addition to individual lenders’ varying risk management strategies.
What Causes Mortgage Rates to Rise or Fall?
Mortgage rates are determined by a complex interaction of macroeconomic and industry factors, such as the level and direction of the bond market, including 10-year Treasury yields; the Federal Reserve’s current monetary policy, especially as it relates to funding government-backed mortgages; and competition between lenders and across loan types. Because fluctuations can be caused by any number of these at once, it’s generally difficult to attribute the change to any one factor.
Macroeconomic factors have kept the mortgage market relatively low for much of this year. In particular, the Federal Reserve has been buying billions of dollars of bonds in response to the pandemic’s economic pressures, and it continues to do so. This bond-buying policy (and not the more publicized federal funds rate) is a major influencer on mortgage rates.
Since June, the Fed has been reducing its balance sheet. Identical sizable reductions occurred monthly through the summer and are being accelerated in September. This is on top of its plan to reduce new bond purchases by an increment every month, the so-called taper, which began in November.
The Fed’s rate and policy committee, called the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), meets every six to eight weeks. Their next scheduled meeting takes place November 1-2.
The national averages cited above were calculated based on the lowest rate offered by more than 200 of the country’s top lenders, assuming a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80% and an applicant with a FICO credit score in the 700–760 range. The resulting rates are representative of what customers should expect to see when receiving actual quotes from lenders based on their qualifications, which may vary from advertised teaser rates.
For our map of the best state rates, the lowest rate currently offered by a surveyed lender in that state is listed, assuming the same parameters of an 80% LTV and a credit score between 700–760.